HSC poem theme answer 2019-20

এইচএসসি পরিক্ষারর্থীদের জন্য বিশেষ কবিতার সবচেয়ে গুরুত্বপূর্র্ন থিম নিচে দেওয়া হলো ।

আপনারা এই সাইটে পড়ালেখার যাবতীয় সব নিউজ এবং তথ্য গুলো পাবেন।

Ozymandias

By Percy Bysshe Shelley

 I met a traveler from an antique land

Who said: Two vast and trunkless legs of stone

Stand in the desert. Near them, on the sand,

Half sunk, a shattered visafe lies, whose frown

And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold commandu,

Tell that its sculptor well those passions read

Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless

Things, The hand that mocked them, and the

Heart that fed;  And on the pedestal these words

Appear:

“My name is Ozymandias, king of kings:

Look upon my works, ye Mighty, and despair!”

Nothing beside remains. Round the decay

Of that colossal wreck, boundless and bare,

The lone and level sands stretch far away.

Analysis of the poem:

“Ozymandias” is a masterful sonnet which is essentially devoted to a single metaphor: the shattered, ruined statue in the desert wasteland, with its arrogant, passionate face. The once-great king’s proud boast has been ironically disproved; Ozymandias’s works have crumbled and destructive power of history. The ruined statue is now merely a monument to one man’s hubris, and is first and foremost a metaphor for the temporary nature of political power, and in that sense the poem is Shelley’s most outstanding political sonnet, but Ozymandias symbolizes not only political power- the statue can be a metaphor for the pride and hubris of all of humanity, in any of its manifestations, It is significant that all that remains of Ozymandias is a work of art and a group of words; as Shakespeare does in the sonnets, Shelley demonstrates that art and language long outlast the other legacies of power.

Ans: The poem reveals the transitoriness of power and destruction of pride. It shows that although man boasts of power, nothing lasts forever and everything is bound to decay and destroy with the passage of time.

Sollitary Reaper

By William Wordsworth

Behold her, single in the field

You solitary High land lasss!

Reaping and singing by herself

Stop her or gently pass!

Alone she cuts and binds the grains,

And sings a melancholy strain

O listen! For the value profound

Is overwhelming with the sound

No nightingale did ever chant

More welcome notes to weary bands

Of travelers I some shady haunt,

Among Arabian sands.

Summary:

 The solitary reaper is William wordsworth’s explanation of the delight that a simple peasant girl derives from Nature and how the entire atmosphere reverberates with that happiness. The poet sees a highland girl reaping the harvest and singing. The poet compares her song with the song of a Nightingale, soothing his sorrows, easing his weariness; Just the same way as the nightingale welcomes the weary travelers in the shady oasing of the Arabian sands. The Maiden’s song is also compared to the song of the cuckoo bird which is the harbinger of summer and ushers in Happiness. The song of the maiden is as thrilling and Persuasive as the song of the cuckoo bird which is Effective enough to break the silence of the seas. The poet cannot understand the dialect of the song, he is unable to comprehend its meaning, but is able to gauge from its sad tone that it probably relates to some unhappy memory, some battles fought long ago. The poet also feels that the song may be about the commonplace things like joys or sorrows. The poet feels that the girl’s song would have not end and would container forever. The poet saw the girl singing as she bent over her sickle. The song of the maiden was so mesmerizing and spellbinding that it held the poet motionless and still. When the poet started mounting the hill, the song could not be heard but it left an indelible mark on the poet’s heart. For the poet, it would always remain a fresh evocative memory. The poem also shows how the appeal of music is universal.

Ans: The poem is about the poet’s fascination for a village girl. The girl was reaping crops and singing a song alone in a field. The poet was captivated by the music of the girl’s melancholy song. It seems to him that the song of the girl was sweeter than that of the nightingale which sings to the ears of the tried travelers in the Arabian desert.

Tree at my Window

By Robert Frost

Tree at my window, window tree,

My sash is lowered when night comes on;

But let there never be curtain drawn

Between you and me.

Vague dream head lifted out of the ground,

And thing next most diffuse to cloud,

Not all your light tongues talking aloud

Could be profound.

But tree, I have seen you taken and tossed,

And if you have seen me when I slept,

You have seen me then I was taken and swept

And all but lost.

That day she put our heads together,

Fate had her imagination about her,

Your head so much concerned with outer,

Mine with inner, weather.

Ans: The nature-loving poet doesn’t want separation with the tree at his window. At night when window sash is lowered and the tree is screened from his view, he sees the shadow outline of the tree with his mind’s eye. Both the poet and the tree are destined to fate. Man has inner conflict whereas tree has outer conflict for rough weather like cold air. The cause behind man’s inner conflict may be his torturing thoughts.

To Daffodils

By Robert Herrick

Fair daffodils, we weep to see

You haste away so soon;

As yet the early-rising sun

Has not attain’d his noon.

Stay, stay

Until the hasting day

Has run

But to the even song;

And, having pray’d together, we

Will go with you along.

We have short time to stay, as you.

We have as short a spring;

As quick a growth to meet decay.

As you, or any thing.

We die ,

As your hours do, and  dry

Away

Like to the summer’s rain;

Or as the pearls of mornings dew,

Ne’er to be found again.

Analysis of the poem:

The theme of this poem is based on the healing and refreshing power of nature. How easy it is for nature to lift the spirit and the morale of a man is also depicted in this poem. The poem is rich in imagery and the description of the daffodils is delightful. The poet starts the poem with a simle and compares himself with the cloud wandering lonely, here and there, free from duty and responsibility. However, as soon as he sees the beautiful golden daffodils growing along the margin of a bay beneath the rees, dancing and fluttering with the light breeze, he finds himself captivated by their magical beauty. The poet is also impressed by the beauty of the near-by lake whose waves are also dancing and sparkling, thus looking enchanting. The poet begins to admire the mesmeric beauty of the daffodils and is unable to think of anything else. In fact, at that time he could not think of the great importance of the scene for him, but later while lying on his couch, he realizes the great importance of the scene.

The last stanza of the poem is the most important part of the poem and is the essence of the poem. In this stanza, the poet speaks about the healing and refreshing effect of nature and also praises solitude.

Ans:Man is short lived like daffodil, a flower. Life span of daffodil, which blooms early morning and withers away before sunset, is as short as man’s life.The transience of daffodils and men is similar to summer’s rain and morning’s dew drops. In fact, nothing is perennial in the world.

Under the Greenwood Tree

By William Shakespeare

Under the greenwood tree

Who loves to lie with me

And turn his merry note

Unto the sweet bird’s throat,

Come hither,come hither, come hither:

Here shall he see

No enemy

But winter and rough weather.

Who doth ambition shun,

And loves to live I’ the sun,

Seeking the food he eats,

And pleased with what he gets,

Come hither, come hither, come hither;

Here shall he see

No enemy

But winter and rough weather.

Analysis of the poem:

1.    Amiens invites his listeners to the pleasant life of the forest. The trees are green in spring and summer. The birds sing sweet songs. Those, who are fond of this kind of life and love to sing with the birds, may come and live in the forest. Of course, they will have to face some hardship. When the cold weather sets in stormy winds blow, but there will be no human enemies to torture them.

2.    Amiens invites his listeners to the pleasant life of the forest, whoever keeps himself away from worldly ambitions and loves free life in the open air, will find happiness in the woods. Of course, he will have to hunt his own food and be satisfied with what he gets. He will also have to face some hardships. When the cold weather sets in, stormy winds blow, but there will, certainly, be no human enemies to torture them.

Ans: Woodland is peaceful because there are no enemies here except winter and rough weather. But social life is unpleasant and disquiet because love and friendship here among men are unreal and fickle. So men without ambition are safe under the greenwood tree if they are pleased with what they get there. Serene and tranquil environment of the woodland makes our ming fresh and pure as melodious songs of birds here enchant us.

The Lake Isle of Innisfree

By W.B. Yeats

I will arise and go now, and go to Innisfree,

And a small cabin build there, of clay and

Wattles made;

Nine bean rows will I have there, a hive for the honey bee

And live alone in the bee loud glade.

I shall have some peace there, for peace comes dropping slow

Dropping from the veils of the morning to

Where the cricket sings;

There midnight’s all glimmer, and noon a

Purple glow,

And evening full of the linnet’s wings.

I will arise and go now, for always night and day

Ans:The poet loves nature and glorifies the sublimity of nature as nature presents a tranquil, carefree and tension-free life. He also disdains city life as city life is full of disadvantages life selfishness, conflict, etc.So he wants to go to a lovely island and live a life with natural environment.

September 1, 1939

Unit-12,Lesson-1(B)

I sit on one of the dives

On fifty-second street

Uncertain and afraid

As the clever hopes expire.

Of a low dishonest decade:

Waves of anger and fear

Circulate over the bright

And darkened lands of the earth,

Obsessing our private lives ;

The unmentionable odour of death

Offends the September night.

Ans: The poet is worshipper of love and Pease as he hates war. He hopes for harmony everywhere in the world. At the news of imminent war his soul is tormented. He dreams a bad dream of uncertainty, fear,anger,private lives obsessed all over the world before the very outset of unexpected war of 1 september 1939.

I wandered lonely as a cloud

By William Wordsworth

I wandered lonely as a cloud

That floats on high o’er vales and hills.

When all at once I saw a crowd,

A host of golden daffodils;

Beside the lake, beneath the trees,

Fluttering and dancing on the breeze.

Continuous as the stars that shine

And twinkle in the milky way,

They stretched in never-ending line

Along the margin of a bay;

Ten thousand saw I at a glance,

Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.

Ans:

The poem depicts the poet’s feeling after seeing the daffodil flowers in his lonely state. He was in melancholy but a ost of daffodils made himjoyous. His mind started dancing with them and he felt happy. Here we can see that the purity of flowers can make people happy and inspire them to love.

I Died for Beauty

I died for beauty, but was scarce

Adjusted in the tomb,

When one who died for truth was lain

In an adjoining room

He questioned softly why I failed?

For beauty I replied

And I for truth the two are one

We brethren are he said

And so, as kinsmen met a-night

We talked between the rooms

Until the moss had reached our lips

And covered up our names.

Ans:

The poem implies the powerlessness of human beings, who are obliterated at death. No matter what we do on earth, we will be forgotten after our death. Even high ideals of life are of little use once one dies, and the names of the dead are also forgotten by the world.

My Heart Leaps Up

My heart leaps up when I behold

A rainbow in the sky

So was it when my life began;

So is it now I am a man;

So be it when I shall grow old,

Or let me die!

The child is father of the man;

And I could wish my days to be

Bound each to each by natural piety.

Ans:

The poem “My heart leaps up” by William Wordsworth puts emphases on a close relationship with nature. Life is not worth living if one does not have an intimate relationship with nature. In fact, it is very important to have an intimate relationship with  nature everyday of one’s life, whether one is a child or a man.

Dreams

Hold fast to dreams

For if dreams die

Life is a broke-winged bird

That cannot fly

Hold fast to dreams

For when dreams go

Life is a barren field

Frozen with snow.

Ans:

Dreams play a significant role in human life. They help men to reach their desired goal. So people should hold fast their dreams, because if dreams are lost forever, life becomes meaningless like a broken-winged bird. And, also it becomes a barrenfield covered with snow from where nobody can expect any crop or benefit.

Time, You old Gipsy Man

Time, you old gipsyman,

Will you not stay,

Put up your caravan

Just for one day?

All things I’ll give you.

Ans:

Time nevee waits for anyone. It is always on the forward move. It never stays or takes rest. It always runs and runs. To stop time for a while the poet offers things like bells for its jennet of the best silver, a golden ring, etc. the poet requests time to put up its caravan just for one day, but time seems to be in a hurry as usual.

Blow, Blow, Thou Winter Wind

Blow, blow, thou winter wind

Thou art not so unkind

As man’s ingratitude

Thy tooth is not so keen

Because thou art not seen

Although thy breath be rede

Heigh-ho! Sing heigh-ho! Unto the green holly;

Most friendship is feigning, most loving mere folly:

Then heigh-ho, the holly!

Ans:

The winter wind, though rough and foul, is not so harsh and cruel as the ingratitude of mankind. The winter wind is hardly seen and so its crulty is imaginary. The sky is far above the earth and therefore its cruel behavior is not felt keenly. Likewise, the forces of nature are much less cruel and harsh than the breach of trust and betrayal of friends and relatives.

The Schoolboy

I love to rise in a summer morn

When the birds sing on every tree;

The distant huntsman winds his horn,

And the skylark sings with me;

O what sweet company!

But to go to school in a summer morn

O it drives all joy away!

Under a cruel eye outwor,

The little ones spend the day.

Ans:

Innocent childhood is the period of displaying inherent childish prank. In this period no child wants to go to school without enjoying bird’s song, huntsman’s winding horn and the skylarks company during the summer morning. To a child, summer morn school classroom is joyless and boring. It is the place of sighing, drooping, dismay and anxiety. So every child wants to avoid the dour-faced teachers and joyless lessons of school in the summer morning, rather wants to take lessons in the lap of nature. Each and every child wishes to enjoy the time in mirth and merriment.

I Had No Time To Hate

By Emily Dickeson

Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,

And sorry I could not travel both

And be one traveler, long I stood

And looked down one as far as I could

To where it bent in the undergrowth

Then took the other, as just as fair

And having perhaps the better claim

Because it was grassy and wanted wear;

Though as for that.

Ans:

The central theme of this poem is that in our life there are many ways and paths to follow. All the ways or paths do not suit to all. Here in this poem, there were two roads before the poet. But the poet chose the second road because the second one was less travelled by. In this world, men want to follow a traditional common way of living. But those who are exceptionally dutiful, honest and upright choose a path which is seen to be different with others. The same has happened in case of the poet.

Leisure

By William Henry Davies

What is this life if, full of care,

We have no time to stand and stare.

No time to stand beneath the boughs

And stare as long as sheep or cows

No time to see, when woods we pass

Where squirrels hide their nuts in grass.

No time to see, in broad daylight,

Streams full of stars, like skies at night

No time to turn at beauty’s glance,

And watch her feet, how they can

Enrich that smile her eyes began

A poor life this if , full of care,

We have no time to stand and stare.

Ans:

Life refers to the quality of being active and exciting. And, to enjoy leisure is a part of life. But modern people have no time to spend free time in the lap of nature. This restless pace of modern life has a harmful effect on human nature.

Water, water, every where

Water,water,every where,

And all the boards did shrink;

Water,water,every where

Not any drop to drink.

Ans:

These are the lines of the poem the ancient mariner. These lines record the incident of their ship being stuck on the Atlantic Ocean. All the mariners were huge water around them but not a drop to drink. Because the old mariner hated the creature of God and killed an innocent albatross.

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